Adding Numbers to a String (Part 2)

In the previous tip we illustrated a number of ways how to safely add variables to string content. Adding variables to double-quoted text can expose yet another issue with automatic variable detection. Have a look:

# this is the desired output:
# PowerShell Version is 5.1.17763.316

# this DOES NOT WORK:
"PowerShell Version is $PSVersionTable.PSVersion"

When you run this code, the output is not what most people would expect. The colorization already hints what it wrong: double-quoted strings expand variables only. They do not care about anything that follows. So since $PSVersionTable is a hash table object, PowerShell outputs the object type name, then adds “.PSVersion” to it:

 
PS> "PowerShell Version is $PSVersionTable.PSVersion"
PowerShell Version is System.Collections.Hashtable.PSVersion  
 

Here are four popular alternatives that work:

# use a subexpression
"PowerShell Version is $($PSVersionTable.PSVersion)"

# use the format (-f) operator
'PowerShell Version is {0}' -f $PSVersionTable.PSVersion


# concatenate (provided the first element is a string)
'PowerShell Version is ' + $PSVersionTable.PSVersion

# use simple variables
$PSVersion = $PSVersionTable.PSVersion
"PowerShell Version is $PSVersion"

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